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Insolvency and Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy can be seen as a legal condition. In which no person or business can repay its loan. In most of the conditions, it is initiated by the lender and is declared on the court's orders. It can be understood that a person or a business can say itself to be bankrupt under corporate or individual Bankruptcy. The law of Bankruptcy in India's legal system is based on the Roman principle of op bonarum. This means the debtor surrenders his goods instead of immunity for the benefit of his creditor.

What is Bankruptcy Act?

Insolvency and Bankruptcy are when a person or a company cannot repay its outstanding loans, as you have seen in Vijay Mallya's case. On the other hand, Bankruptcy is when a person or institution is declared bankrupt by a competent court. The court has also given an appropriate order to settle it and protect the creditors' rights. It is a legal declaration by a company or person of the inability of that person or company to pay debts.

For a long time, there was a need for reform in many old laws related to the Bankruptcy of businesses and the Bankruptcy of individuals. For this reason, the Government of India introduced the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016. Under this, the old laws were changed. It includes individuals, companies, limited liability partnerships, and partnership firms. Before its implementation, the process of declaring himself bankrupt and closing the company was very long. But after introducing the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016, it decides for Individual and Partnership Firms under the Debt Recovery Tribunal. At the same time, the National Company Law Tribunal decides in the cases of companies and Limited Liability Partnership.

•    Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 for Business: It assumes that there should be a default of at least Rs 100,000 for corporate debtors to initiate insolvency proceedings.
•    Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 for Individuals: The minimum default amount is Rs.1000. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code applies to all cases of such persons and unlimited partnerships.

What happens if an individual or company goes bankrupt?

•    If a company does not repay the loan, then that company is declared bankrupt to recover the loan under IBC.
•    The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Amendment Ordinance 2021 came into effect this year on April 4, 2021. Under this, the debtor business people coming under small and medium units have the insolvency settlement process facility under a pre-packaged system.
•    For this, the exceptional team of NCLT talks to the company, and on the consent of the company's management, the company is declared bankrupt. The bank gets possession of his entire property, and it can recover its loan by selling it to any other company. This includes identification and selection of authorized representatives, public announcement and related party claims, draft information, convening creditor and creditor committee meetings, invitation of the dispute settlement plan, original dispute settlement, and competition between best dispute settlement and corporate debtor. Also, facilities like management with dispute resolution professionals are provided.
•    The IBC provides for a market-based and time-bound insolvency resolution process.    
•    Section 29 of IBC provides that only an outsider (third party) can buy the company. Now, after the enactment of this bill, the stakeholders are required to complete the CIRP within 330 days from the initiation of the insolvency proceedings. One of the primary reasons for the delay in CIRPs s the prolonged litigation by the erstwhile promoters and potential bidders.

What does an insolvency lawyer do?

•    In the case of corporate Insolvency, an insolvency lawyer provides advice where necessary and may take part in formal negotiations with creditors if the company's debt is to be restructured.
•    They are typically involved at various stages throughout an insolvency procedure, which might be company administration, for instance, a Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA), or voluntary liquidation.
•    An insolvency lawyer's specific role in an insolvency process largely depends on the type of business – its industry and size, for example, and whether or not it owns assets of significant value.

Why choose Vakilkaro?

Vakilkaro has an Expert Insolvency Lawyer. An Insolvency Lawyer is a legal expert in Insolvency, and Bank Currupsy Law supports both the parties, the Insolvency Practitioner and the Limited Company completing the Insolvency Process. A bankruptcy barrister is required in complex situations, as these involve large-scale redundancy or cross-border transactions. And so it is only Vakilkaro that can help you settle your bankruptcy process at the earliest. Don't worry, as thousands of other company directors have also gone through the same process. And they have the best Insolvency and Bankruptcy lawyers in Vakilkaro to complete the process systematically and get out of it as soon as possible.

Contact the best bankruptcy lawyer in Vakilkaro today. You can give us a call at 9828123489 or may write an Email also at We are here to serve you 24/7.

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